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Month: December 2017

cathedrals 23

Advent in Zagreb, Croatia

The head item is from the Dolac market, famous in Zagreb.

The hearts are licitar hearts traditionally given by girls to their chosen young men for future marriage, after sunday mass ceremony.

The reason why I started with this typical souvenir pattern of the city of Zagreb is because it appears as a theme in the Advent in Zagreb – the best Europe Christmas destination 2016 and 2017. If you don’t trust me, check here.

Just to mention that I was born in Zagreb and lived there for 4 years during my studies, so I am traditionally purger girl (from German der BĂĽrger, meaning the citizen, nowadays dialect in Zagreb as it used to be part of Habsburg Empire) and might be a bit attached here.

Anyhow, let us start!

Flying home for Christmas from christmasy Brussels to Krapina, small city nearby, I decided with my mom and brother to visit this best Christmas destination. Plus, I haven’t been to the center of Zagreb for more than 2 years, and I missed it.

We left the car at Arena Zagreb – a multi-purpose sports hall located in the southwestern part of the city and took the bus to the main train station: Kolodvor Zagreb, the main hub of the Croatian Railways network. In 19th century, Royal Hungarian Government (as that part of Croatia in that time was part of the Austro Hungarian Empire) authorised the building of the main station and maintenance shop in Zagreb. This beautiful building is typical Vienna secession style building of the Habsburgs, as many other buildings in Zagreb, Budapest, Prague or wherever Habsburgs spread their Empire.

Arena Zagreb
Kolodvor Zagreb – main railway station

From there everything starts! Historically and Christmasly.

The first Croatian King Tomislav, 10th century stands there welcoming tourists, located ahead park Zrinjevac.

First Croatian King Tomislav, crowned 925

In park Zrinjevac is located ice skating, with many small wooden houses around it and bars to drink kuhano vino (Croatian mulled vine) 🙂 and typical food to eat.





As already said, typical yellow secession buildings as of 19th century since the Austro Hungarian Empire is this Art Pavillon at park Zrinjevac:

Art Pavillon at park Zrinjevac

Typical food for Zagrebiensis are sausages, medenjaki (honey cookies), paprenjaci (biscuit cookies made of unique mix of honey and black pepper), etc.



From there we continued towards the Fooliranje part of Zrinjevac (engl. fooling around). The rounded open pavillon was hosting some local band tries around had a special glitter due to Christmas lights.

In the very first photo I am with my mother. 🙂 We even have the same patterned scarf we bought in Brussels.




20171226_161509.jpgContinuing towards the main square, there was another wonder – Maric passage. The passage is completely covered with blue Christmas lights and branches of trees so it seems like you stepped into some magic wonderland.

Maric passage –  festive decorations


Finally we came to the main square named after very important Croatian national hero Josip Jelacic who fought against hungarian oppression in 19th century during the Austro-Hungarian Empire, and the hungarisation of Croatian language. He also liberated croatian  poor people from serfdom in 1848.

You can see his statue at the main square, currently turned towards the south but it used to be towards northeast, facing the Hungarians.

Ban Jelacic Square – main square in Zagreb

There is the famous clock where all people that live in Zagreb usually meet. When I was studying in Zagreb, all the coffee meetings started ‘meet you under the clock.

Meeting ‘under the clock’

Furthermore, I took a photo of the famous blue tram coming from Ilica – the longest street in the city.

Blue tram coming to the main square from the longest Ilica street in Zagreb

The colour of Zagreb is blue, even though all the traditional souvenirs are red from Sestine. Like already mentioned licitar heart of sestine umbrella. My grandpa used to have these hanging of the mirror in his car.

Sestine umbrella

We moved very soon towards the European square where is the Representation of European Commission to Croatia. There you can find the traditional food from the entire country – north, south, east and west, as the country is hit by two different climates (mediterranean and continental), hence the food and culture and history were/ are different.

The Zagreb Cathedral is the tallest building in Croatia, but also the most monumental sacral building in Gothic style southeast of the Alps. It is dedicated to the Assumption of Mary and to kings Saint Stephen and Saint Ladislaus. who started building the cathedral in 11th century.

As you can see on the photo below, the Cathedral used to be surrounded with walls because of the Ottomans arrival during the 15th and 16th century.

Zagreb Cathedral with the Mary column on the right

Inside the Cathedral, we visited the nativity scene and made the walk around.



20171226_144437.jpgClimbing towards the Upper town Kaptol, you literally jump into Middle Ages. The houses are smaller, the passages are narrow and combined with stairs called Windmill stairs (because they used to lead towards the old mill) or Stonegate or Meat street etc.

Vlaska street – famous by crafts in the Lower town, 18th century


St George killing the Dragon, the Society of Croatian Dragon – Croatian version of the masons

One of the most beautiful entrance to the Upper town is the Stonegate (13th century) with the statue of Virgin Mary inside of it – one of the most recognizable symbols of Zagreb. The story tells that at first there was a painting of Virgin Mary  which was untouched after the 1731 fire and it was described as miracle. To commemorate the event, grateful citizens built a chapel within the arch of the old Stone Gate.

Stonegate – entrance to Upper town. On the right is written in old Croatian: ”Forbidden to go through the gate with wagons, to ride and push the cattle
Virgin Mary Chapel inside the Stonegate with many religious votive tablets around

Fun fact, next to the Stonegate, you can find the lion which holds the chains from the boat of Admiral Nelson from the battle against Napoleon at Trafalgar. (the link brings you to London and Trafalgar square where I was almost killed by an ambulance).

Lion holding the chains of Admiral Nelson, left on the photo is the manuscript of street names in old Croatian and German

The Upper Town Kaptol functioned as the typical European hanseatic (free) city. It became free when ungarian king in 13th century needed to escape from Otomans. The city gave him the shelter and got the Charta of the Free Hanseatic city as a compensate.

Famous Croatian writer August Senoa, 19th century, belonging to the Croatian realism in literature, described in his novels the life of poor people and the rise of the handcrafters and citizenry. One of my favourite novels in the Goldsmith’s Gold. The  Treasure is actually young Dora Krupiceva, beautiful, poor but nobel. Today you can find her statue next to the Stonegate as well, holding the keys of the gates.

Dora Krupiceva – the keeper of the Keys of Zagreb

The main square of Kaptol is St Marko’s Square where is the Parliament and the Government of Croatia. Less important than the beautiful St Marko’s Church from 13th century with the oldest Coat of Arms of Zagreb (on the rooftop).

St Marko’s Church
St Marko’s Church with Coat of Arms of Zagreb and the old Coat of Arms of and Triune Kingdom of Croatia, Slavonia and Dalmatia
The Parliament of Croatia

Very similar stories about the citizens of Kaptol of its time were written by Marija Juric Zagorka. She was the woman ahead of the society, publishing her novels under man pseudonym. Her famous stories about the women who were accused for witch crafting are all over the Upper Town. The legend says they gathered around the Tower of Lotrscak.

Marija Juric Zagorka – statue in Tkalciceva street (nowadays famous by bars and pubs)
Tower of Lotrscak

Worth to mention here that every day at noon, the Cannon of Gric breaks in the memory of the Victory over Ottomans in 15th century.

Upper Town is famous by its narrow streets and the extra nostalgic moments give the lanterns. The profession of the person turning on the old lanterns laterns still exists in the Kaptol. O tempora, o moris

Lightning up the lanterns at Kaptol

The best part of Advent in Zagreb is happening just here, at Kaptol, at Strossmayer’s promenade with the wooden houses, view on the city and the snow white – red decoration of the 1920’s when Zagreb started to breathe in its own way and citizenship to fool around.





You can enjoy the view on Lower Town Gradec and New Zagreb (developed in the times of Yugoslavia as of 1950’s).




I enjoyed every detail capturing the moments and getting inspired for my Instagram story.




Once more, the Cathedral from here:


Very important thing and famous Croatian brend from the Kaptol is Museum of Broken Relationships. Nowadays the exhibition is all around the world with many broken hearted contributors, but it all started from here. My favourite item is the bicycle. After the break up, the girl didn’t have courage to get him back. After some time, she visited her ex, sat on the bike and drove out of the relationship. It was liverating for her, she said.

Museum of Broken Relationship

After the walk at the Strossmartre, we were going back down towards the Lower Town Gradec. On the right side is the World War II Tunnel now decorated with many colourful storytelling decorations. Every other day the choirs are performing too.


The tunel is T-shaped so one of the exits is at the funicular. The shortest funicular in Europe. It brings you back to Kaptol.

The shortest funicular in Europe with the Tower of Lotrscak on the right

We continued going down down to Gradec to visit the nearby Flowered Square (even tough it is not its official name, but the citizens call it Cvjetni trg – because of the many flower shops there). Also, this is the place where many popular Croatians drink coffee and spend their time, especially Saturdays. It is also the so-called Spitza, meaning the celebrities peak when many journalists go around with their camera too, looking for some paparazzi shots. If you’d like to be seen, be sure you put some fashionable clothes and you will end up in magazines as a fellow stylish Croatian.

Personally, I just bought myself a bouquet, the so called puslec.


We finished our day at Kraš bomboniere bar having a hot chocolate and trying typical famous chocolates Bajadera and Griotte. Mr Kraš used to be in love with the prima balerina Bajadera from the Croatian National Theatre (also built by Habsburgs) so he named his chocolate after her. Thee romantic Croatians! 🙂

Bomboniere Kraš
Croatian National Theatre

Croatians are also very proud on the best ski driver in the history of skiing. Her name is Janica Kostelic, she won the several World Cups, becoming one of the three women ever winning thge World Cup races in all of the sport’s five disciplines.

Kostelić is the only woman to win four gold medals in alpine skiing at the Winter Olympics (in Salt Lake City 2002 and Torino 2006), and the only woman to win three alpine skiing gold medals in one Olympics (2002).

Janica Kostelic after winning the medals in Olympics in Salt Lake City 2002

Thanks to her, the World Cup named after her: The Snow Queen Trophy is brought to the Sljeme Peak and Medvednica mountain- favourite destination of Zagreb citizens during the summer and winter time as well. They call it the lungs of the city because of the many alpine trees.

The Snow Queen Trophy is part of the Advent in Zagreb. Just ask any ski racer and they will always tell you that they have the best atmosphere here in Zagreb as the crowd is so into this sport.

This year, the numbers drawing will be at park Zrinjevac and the ski racers will come on ice skates. 🙂

Snow Queen Trophy – croatian fans waiting for Janica Kostelic at the Finish Line
Zagreb Slalom
Sljeme Hill at Medvednica Mountain with the Ski race




abbey 14

Valencia, España

From a conference in Barcelona and visiting a friend, I was sent on a bus to meet another one 🙂 She picked me up at the bus station, brought her home and made the best paella valenciana ever! The best one!


I arrived to Estacion del Norte in the city centre next to the Plaza de Toros de Valencia. 

Estacion del Norte

At Plaza de Tores you can find the Collosseum aaand yes, you can nowadays watch the corrida there (the bull fights) – but rather don’t. 🙂




Since the day was half gone, my friend wanted to impress me with the sunset light show to City of Art and Sciences. It is a complex of modern buildings and an entertainment-based cultural and architectural complex . Very popular as one of 12 Treasures of Spain.

As the sun was setting down, the photos became prettier and prettier. 🙂


The City of Arts and Sciences is situated on river Turia, which was drained and rerouted after a catastrophic flood in 1957. The old riverbed was turned into a picturesque sunken park.


Valencia is the third largest city in Spain, after Madrid and Barcelona. Founded as a roman colony, and occupied by Moroccan and Arab Moors  in 8th century. You can see it in the architecture and art at some places in the city.

Moorish influence in street art of Valencia

In 14th century kings of Aragon arrived but then in 18th century Philip V of Spain abolished the privileges as punishment to the kingdom of Valencia for aligning with the Habsburg side in the War of the Spanish Succession.

From these times are the Towers of Serrans – one of the twelve gates that was guarding the Christian city walls of Valencia. Built in Valencian Gothic style, this gate was used by kings to enter the city.

Torres de Serranos

Where today is a Cathedral, (at Plaza de la Virgen) a Roman temple stood on this site, then a mosque, before the cathedral was built between (13th century), mixing Romanesque, Gothic and Baroque features. The legend says that inside possibly the original Holy Grail lays.

St Mary’s Cathedral at Plaza de la Virgen
Plaza de la Virgen
St Mary’s Cathedral


We didn’t go inside, but we climbed on it and enjoyed the view.  🙂


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In the middle of the city’s old town is 13th century bell tower named after main clock bell el Micalet. 

Torre del Micalet


Old city passages

The last day we saved to go on the beach of Malvarosa. We took some food and beers and a kite (because it was windy day in March).

Malvarosa beach

Valencia is also famous by its oranges of Valencia. Everywhere I looked around, especially on my way from Barcelona to Valencia, I could see the fileds planted with orange trees.