My little jubilee, the 50th country visited was Liechtenstein. And boy what a ceremony happened. The Principality of Liechtenstein and the Swiss Confederation were celebrating the 100 years of their common Dounae contract. We were about to cross the bridge that was built over the river Rhine, but we were stopped as the celebration was just…
Krapina is my hometown. Zagorje runs through veins. Kajkavian dialect is spoken out loud by my core. So please, allow me to show you a portion of heaven given to us people from Zagorje to enjoy, nourish, and remain proud. Krapina Krapina was first mentioned in 1193. It has always been a favorite site for…
This is a post of a lovely, walkable city that will charm all wine, gastronomy and history lovers. From Markets to Mustard! This capital of Burgundie is calling you to get all its tastes. And you will not know all of these existed! The province was home to the Dukes of Burgundy from the early 11th until…
Avignon is a city on the Rhône river in the south of France. It is surrounded by walls of Avignon (French: Les Remparts d’Avignon) – a series of defensive stone walls that were originally built in the 14th century during the Avignon papacy and have been continually rebuilt and repaired throughout their subsequent history. We entered through Porte Saint-Michel. The…
This historical province of southeastern France, extends from the left bank of the lower Rhône to the west to the Italian border to the east; it is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It largely corresponds with the modern administrative region of Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur . The largest city of the region and its modern-day capital is Marseille. Known for its diverse landscapes, miles of…
Michel de Notre-Dame, as we all know as Nostradamus, was an apothecary by profession, and published in the year 1555 a book called Les Prophéties (The Prophecies). In his collection of 942 poetic quatrains, he predicted various future events that experts, and many amateurs, find a way of interpreting into related events occurring in the present day. Some historical evidence suggests…
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Rapallo was never on my list. I never thought there could actually be something about this city. It lies on the Ligurian Sea coast, just between Cinque Terre and Genoa. As a girl from Croatia, I know it from the history books as the Treaty of Rapallo was signed there, in Villa Pagana, formerly known as Villa Spinola. A treaty…
The five Cinque Terre villages are situated in northern Italy on the Mediterranean Sea, just 3 hours by train from Milan, Pisa and Florence. I have arrived by car and totally enjoyed the national park that spreads across the five villages. La Spezia My journey started in La Spezia. This was the very first stop as I…
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Living in Madrid, I had a chance to sit on a bus and visit Lisabon and some nearby places and wait for new 2013 on the banks of river Tejo. Taking […]
Living in Madrid, I had a chance to sit on a bus and visit Lisabon and some nearby places and wait for new 2013 on the banks of river Tejo.
Taking the night bus, I arrived around 5 am to Lisboa bus/train station, realizing it is actually 4 am cause of the CET+1. I took a walk around since the station is new building called Sete Rios with a beautiful design.
At Praça do Comércio I noticed that Portugal kinda wears the fenomen of once being world ruler and powerful nation.In the 15th and 16th centuries, Portugal established the first global empire, becoming one of the world’s major economic, political and military powers.
At the main entrance from the old port, where it used to stand all those mightfull ships that would sail away or enter bringing all kinds of goods, stands the statue of portugeese King José I and the arch with the descript: Who enters the door of the city to recall that Portugal once ruled the world.
Around the statue is what used to be the king’s palace with the view on river Tejo and Atlantic ocean.
On the other side, through the arch, there is a shopping street and entrance to the city itself. The triumphal arch is called Rua Augusta and it is historical building and visitor attraction. It was built to commemorate the city’s reconstruction after the 1755 earthquake with coat of arms of Portugal.
Closeby is the Carmelite Convent dating back to 14 century and once Lisbon’s largest convent, but it was severely damaged in the again 1755 earthquake.
During this time, Portuguese explorers pioneered maritime exploration in the Age of Discovery, notably under royal patronage of Prince Henry the Navigator and King João II, with such notable discoveries as Vasco da Gama‘s sea route to India (1497–98), the discovery of Brazil (1500), and the reaching of the Cape of Good Hope. To this events it is dedicated Mosterio dos Jeronimos (a former monastery of the Order of Saint Jerome and and today Maritime Museum and the National Archaeology Museum).
Manueline ornamentation in the cloisters
The monastery is one of the most prominent examples of the Portuguese Late Gothic Manueline style of architecture in Lisbon and UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Portuguese discoveries are the numerous territories and maritime routes discovered as a result of portugeese intensive maritime exploration during the 15th and 16th centuries in what became known as the Age of Discovery. Methodical expeditions started in 1419 along West Africa’s coast under the sponsorship of prince Henry the Navigator, with Bartolomeu Dias reaching the Cape of Good Hope and entering the Indian Ocean. In 1498, Vasco da Gama led the first fleet around Africa to India, then proceeded to southeast Asia, where they reached Japan. In 1500, the Portuguese discovered Brazil.
Great discoverers: Magellan, Vasco da Gama & Bartolomeu Diaz
Neomanueline tomb of navigator Vasco da Gama
An inscription plaque of naval explorer Diogo Cao arrived in the south of Africa, 1483
Portugal monopolized the spice trade during this time, and the Portuguese Empire expanded with military campaigns led in Asia.
It is intolerable to miss just in front the museums, the Torre de Belem – a fortified tower which played significant role in the Portuguese maritime Age of Discoveries. The tower was commissioned by King John II to be part of a defence system at the mouth of the Tagus/ Tejo river.
Torre de Belem
Monument to Maritime Explorers
Vasco da Gama as first in the line in the fraction of Monument to Maritime Discovers
But the destruction of Lisbon in a 1755 earthquake, the country’s occupation during the Napoleonic Wars, the independence of Brazil (1822), and the Liberal Wars (1828–34), all left Portugal crippled from war and diminished in its world power.
From the 17 century time is Panteao Nacional. A beautiful and unique church that acts as the national pantheon of Portugal and the final burial location for many important Portuguese. The church is situated in theAlfama district and the massive white dome is a prominent feature of the skyline of eastern Lisbon.
The Alfama district is the oldest district of the city. Its name comes from the Arabic Al-hamma, meaning “hot fountains.” In centuries before it was inhabited by the fishermen and the poor, and its condition as the neighbourhood of the poor continues to this day.
Since the great 1755 Lisbon earthquake did not destroy the Alfama, which has remained a picturesque labyrinth of narrow streets and small squares, lately the neighbourhood has been invigorated with the renovation of the old houses and new restaurants where Fado—Portuguese typical melancholy music—can be enjoyed.
It is also important to mention the famous pastries like manteigara.Rows of flaky, palm-sized pastries fill window displays in stacked pans and it is absolutely amaizing. 🙂
Anyhow, back to educational part! After the 1910 revolution deposed the monarchy, the democratic but unstable Portuguese First Republic was established, later being superseded by the Estado Novo right-wing authoritarian regime.
Remembrance Wall of the Victims of authoritarian regime
Democracy was restored after the Portuguese Colonial War and the Carnation Revolution in 1974. On the memory of this military coup, the famous bridge carries the name od the date of the revolution.
Carnation Revolution in 1974
Bridge 25 April
Shortly after, independence was granted to almost all its overseas territories, marking the end of the longest-lived colonial empire. Portugal has left a profound cultural and architectural influence across the globe and a legacy of over 250 million Portuguese speakers today.
Lisbon is one of the oldest cities in the world, and the oldest in Western Europe, predating other modern European capitals such as London, Paris and Rome by centuries.
I was impressed as well by the Oceanario de Lisboa – opened after Lisbon hosted Expo ’98. It is the largest indoor aquarium in Europe showing the flora and fauna of all the oceans of the planet.
Oh yeah, and here is one photo from the Silvester night! 🙂 Waiting for new 2013 in 16 degrees in Lisbon is such a great memory… ❤
Such a beautiful post! Thank you for sharing so many details! I love the photo of the snacks, made me hungry 🙂 Lisbon looks amazing, I hope I can make it there soon as its not that far from London as well. And the station Sete Rios… I think its the most wonderful bus station I have ever seen 🙂
Lisbon is on my list of places I want to visit. Are those egg custard tarts? They look so good! Thanks for sharing your trip.
I loved Lisbon when I was there. I enjoyed the Manueline architecture at the Mosterio dos Jeronimos. I also loved the Belem Tower. But I did not get a chance to see the Aquarium like you did! I hope I will be able to do that when I am next in Lisbon.
Great post!! It just makes me go to Lisbon as soon as possible! The city looks great, I have friends living in there and I might go later on this year. It will be an interesting experience to visit the country that colonized mine (I’m from Brazil).
Everyone has to witness FADO when in LISBOA. It’s such a great city and I didn’t know it was older than London and Paris. Does it really predate Rome though? Love their pastries too, sinfully delicious
Wow it definitely sounds like you made the most of your 4am arrival! I learned so much from this post. It’s quite educational. (I also want to eat ALL the pastries!!)
I’ve heard so many great things about Lisbon. It’s one of the top places I want to visit. The architecture looks beautiful. I love all the history you provide!
I’m getting hungry looking at the deliciously pastries! Yum 🙂
We just visited Lisbon in November last year and absolutely loved it! It’s such a cute town with its colourful houses and narrow streets. There are some many beautiful and impressive buildings and a bunch of great viewpoints looking out over the city. My favourite thing about Lisbon? Their pastei de nata. These pastries are heavenly! Did you see a Fado performance as well? That was a pretty unique experience. 😉
Thank you for this great introduction to Lisbon (and Portuguese) history. Now I’ll have a head start when I go visit.
Happy continued travels!
After falling in love with Porto and Northern Portugal, I’m hoping to visit Lisbon soon. This post is great, makes me want to go even more!
Beautiful post, great place to visit. Thanks for sharing your experience
Thank you for sharing it in so much detail…. Makes me want to go here.
Beautiful. Thank you for allowing me to live vicariously through you.
Thanks for the history lesson! I know very little about Portugal but it is somewhere I’d love to visit
My kind of post. Working in the travel industry this is how people should write – based on their own experience. Thanks!
I would love to go to Portugal, It looks so fun and the scenes and photos look really culturally rich!
Thanks for sharing your experience… This is really inspiring, the city looks great!
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Great information and beautiful photos! Lissabon is one of my favourite cities in Europe! 🙂
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